Wheelhouse Weekly – May 7th, 2019

Volume 24… Number 19… May 7, 2019


In This Issue:

Job Opportunities:

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A group of Republican lawmakers met with President Trump and Administration officials last week to address White House discussions regarding the possibility of waiving the Jones Act.

The Jones Act is the body of law enacted to preserve U.S. independence from foreign shipping interests and maintain a ready reserve force for times of war or other national emergency.

It requires that the transportation of cargo between U.S. ports be reserved for U.S.-built, U.S.-owned and U.S.-crewed vessels.

Puerto Rico’s Governor Ricardo Rosselló had requested a 10-year waiver of the act to allow shipping to Puerto Rico on foreign-flag tankers of liquefied natural gas (LNG) originating in the United States.

“The Jones Act is a critical piece of America’s national security, and protects our waterways from foreign threats,” said Rep. Steve Scalise (R-La.), part of the group of legislators who met with the President.

“At our meeting today with President Trump, we underscored the importance the Jones Act plays in America’s national security, as well as our economic security.”

The Administration ultimately agreed to reject Puerto Rico’s waiver request.

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Congressman Cedric Richmond (D-La.) was honored by maritime labor unions and U.S.-flag shipping companies at the Propeller Club’s annual “Salute to Congress” on May 1.

Each year, the event honors a member of Congress who champions the American Merchant Marine and the U.S.-flag shipping industry.

Richmond is a founding member of the Congressional Maritime Caucus and currently serves as its co-chair.

Under his leadership, the caucus has worked to educate members of Congress and their staffs on the importance of our industry to U.S. economic and homeland security, and to national defense.

Richmond is a strong supporter of the Maritime Security Program and the Jones Act, and advocates strengthening cargo preference requirements to provide more cargo for U.S.-flag vessels.

He has also cosponsored a bill that would award merchant mariners who served our country in World War II the Congressional Gold Medal.

“Congressman Richmond is one of the strongest voices speaking out on behalf of the Jones Act, the domestic shipping companies, shipyards and the maritime workforce,” said Propeller Club President Rear Adm. Joel R. Whitehead.

“He has been a tireless fighter for the programs and policies that support the U.S.-flag international fleet, working each year to ensure that the Maritime Security Program is fully funded and that our nation’s U.S.-flag cargo preference shipping requirements are fully enforced.”

In accepting the Propeller Club award, Richmond said that he intends to push for investments in the nation’s ports and waterways to be included in any infrastructure legislation passed by Congress.

“If we are going to do an infrastructure deal, it has to be robust, it has to be real and the maritime industry has to be included,” he said.

“The maritime industry is a cornerstone of the American economy,” he added, “and it doesn’t receive the recognition that it deserves.”

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The Coast Guard’s National Maritime Center (NMC) has issued the following update on its efforts to deal with the backlog caused by the government shutdown earlier this year:

“Due to a continued backlog of credential applications and increased net processing time of both mariner credential applications and medical certificate applications caused by the lapse in appropriations and shutdown of NMC operations, the following actions are being taken:

— Merchant mariner credentials (MMC) and medical certificates (national endorsements only) that expire in December 2018, January 2019, February 2019, March 2019, April 2019, May 2019 or June 2019 are extended as valid until July 31, 2019. Mariners who are actively working on expired credentials that meet the expiration criteria must carry the expired credential with a copy of the letter that appears below.”

The agency says the extension does not change the time frame during which a credential may be renewed, adding, “A credential may be renewed at any time during its validity and for one year after expiration based on the expiration date printed on the credential.”

If you have questions, the agency advises that you visit the NMC website or contact the NMC Customer Service Center by using the NMC online chat system, e-mailing or calling 1-888-IASKNMC (427-5662).

(Below is the letter to be printed and carried with the expired credential.)

Dear U.S. Mariner,

Due to the federal government’s partial lapse in appropriations for fiscal year 2019, the Coast Guard is unable to process mariner credentials in a timely manner. To provide relief to impacted mariners and under the authority of 46 United States Code § 7507 and § 7508, the Coast Guard is granting extensions effective immediately to national endorsements and medical certificates until July 31, 2019, for mariners whose credentials expire in December 2018, January 2019, February 2019, March 2019, April 2019, May 2019, or June 2019.

All mariners sailing under the authority of their National Endorsement(s) should print and retain a copy of this letter with their merchant mariner credential (MMC) and medical certificate to produce it upon request by the U.S. Coast Guard, other agencies or officials.

The National Maritime Center (NMC) does not intend to issue any separate or new MMCs to correspond to this extension for mariners sailing domestically. This extension does not apply to Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) endorsements.

Applications submitted before or during the partial government shutdown will be processed as soon as possible once the NMC is reopened and is legally authorized to begin operations.

If you have questions, visit the NMC website or contact the NMC Customer Service Center by using the NMC online chat system, e-mailing or calling 1-888-IASKNMC (427-5662).

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The President and Congressional Democrats met at the White House on April 30 to discuss a massive plan to shore up America’s neglected infrastructure.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) left the private White House meeting with an agreement in principle on a multibillion dollar infrastructure package and a promise by President Trump to meet again.

Larry I. Willis, president of the Transportation Trades Department (TTD), AFL-CIO, called the outcome “an encouraging signal to frontline transportation workers and to all those who rely on our infrastructure network.”

“By coming together and calling for trillions to be invested in our nation’s infrastructure, the White House and Democratic leadership are showing they understand the severity of the crisis we face,” Willis said in a statement.

Trump and Democrats are set to meet again in three weeks to talk about potential funding mechanisms for the plan.

TTD has called for an increase in federal user fees to pay for new investments in highways, bridges and transit systems.

Willis said “real federal dollars must also be committed to ensure our seaports, rail networks and aviation system can support a 21st-century economy and compete on the world stage.”

At the same time, he said that to earn labor’s support, the package must include “Buy America” rules and high labor standards.

TTD represents 32 transportation sector labor unions, including Masters, Mates & Pilots.

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The City of Los Angeles is seeking a port pilot responsible for navigating oceangoing vessels entering or leaving Los Angeles Harbor and operating communications and navigational equipment.

The job search will close on Thursday, May 16.

Go to and type Port Pilot in the Search bar to read the position description.

Click the green Apply button at the top of the page to apply.

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SEACOR is requesting resumes from MM&P members interested in future openings for permanent Chief Mates and Second Mates.

Candidates must have taken the following courses: Medical Person in Charge, GMDSS, Vessel Personnel With Designated Security Duties, Vessel Security Officer and Radar Certification.

Applicants must have clear criminal background checks.

If you would like to apply, please contact MM&P Vice President Klaus Luhta:

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There will be an Offshore Membership meeting at the MM&P Boston Union Hall on Tuesday, May 14, at 1100.

As a reminder, the Boston Hall is located at: Marine Industrial Park, 12 Channel St., Suite 606-A, Boston, MA, 02210.

The phone number is: 617-671-0769.

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There will be an Offshore Membership Meeting at the MM&P Honolulu Union Hall on Wednesday, May 15, immediately after job call at 1000.

All Offshore members and applicants in the area are encouraged to attend the meeting.

The Honolulu Hall is located at 521 Ala Moana Blvd., Suite 258, Honolulu, HI 96813.

The phone number is 808-523-8183.

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All MM&P union halls, the MM&P Plan Office, the MM&P Federal Credit Union and MM&P headquarters will be closed on Monday, May 27, for Memorial Day.

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The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), now with a majority of members appointed by President Trump, has indefinitely postponed a United Autoworkers (UAW) election vote at the Volkswagen factory in Chattanooga, Tenn.

The board, an agency that enforces labor laws throughout the United States, was created to protect the rights of unions and workers.

The recent ruling is a victory for anti-labor groups seeking to deny unions a larger foothold in the South.

Volkswagen had originally offered to voluntarily recognize the UAW, but management pulled back under a barrage of attacks from Tennessee Republicans, who threatened to withhold public funding from the company.

In a second election, corporate groups again stepped in, flooding Chattanooga with anti-union newspaper opinion pieces, radio ads and billboards.

After narrowly losing the second vote, the UAW decided to focus on a subset of VW’s Chattanooga workforce: the 162 skilled-trades employees who maintain machinery at the plant.

That unit voted 108 to 44 in favor of joining in union, giving the UAW its first victory at a foreign-owned automaker in the South.

Since then, however, Volkswagen has refused to bargain with the unit.

In response, the global union federation IndustriALL has suspended its international agreement with Volkswagen.

In April, the UAW filed for its third election in five years at the plant, but following the NLRB vote and another wave of attacks by corporate groups, the situation is again at a standstill.

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Two Greek shipping companies, Avin International and Nicos I.V. Special Maritime Enterprises, were sentenced last week in the Eastern District of Texas for discharging oil into the waters of Texas ports.

The government charged that after the ballast system of the Greek-flagged MT NICOS I.V. became contaminated, members of the crew discharged oil twice into the waters of the Port of Houston.

The master, Rafail-Thomas Tsoumakos, and the chief officer, Alexios Thomopoulos, were informed of the discharges.

Tsoumakos failed to report the incidents, and neither discharge was recorded in the vessel’s oil record book.

Last November, both the ship operator and the shipowner pleaded guilty to one count of obstruction, one count of failure to report discharge of oil and three counts of negligent discharge of oil.

Tsoumakos and Thomopoulos pleaded guilty to making false statements to the Coast Guard and have been sentenced to a fine of $10,000 each.

Under the plea agreement, the companies will pay a $4 million criminal fine and serve a four-year term of probation, during which time the vessels they operate will be required to implement an environmental compliance plan, including inspections by an independent auditor.

“By demonstrating the consequences of these illicit actions, the case has ensured this vessel and others comply with domestic and international environmental laws intended to eliminate marine pollution,” said a Coast Guard spokesperson.

“We take the violation of our environmental protection laws seriously,” said U.S. Attorney Joseph D. Brown.

“We expect shipping and oil companies to do the same. They can do terrible damage to our coastlines and wildlife, and we all have to make sure that does not happen.”

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MITAGS-PMI is interested in receiving photo submissions from MM&P members for use on the official MITAGS-PMI social media platform.

The goal is to document members’ voyages and promote the maritime industry. As suggestions, photos can be of events and sights onboard, crewmembers at work or scenic locations.

If you are interested in sharing photos, please send them with caption information to MITAGS-PMI’s marketing manager, Lindsay Moran, at

Be sure to tell us whether you would like to be credited for the photo.

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MITAGS needs your current address! Have you moved recently? Did you remember to send MITAGS your new address for communications regarding courses? Please send your current contact information to or to the fax number below.

New dedicated fax line for Admissions only: 1-443-568-1928. For all other MITAGS business, please continue to use: 410-859-5181.

For class availability or information on MITAGS courses and programs, contact Amanda Meadows, Admissions Coordinator, toll-free at 866-656-5568 or by e-mail:

Why not try our on-line calendar to register for class:

For Merchant Mariner Credential (MMC) processing, MMC problem resolution advice, STCW compliance and VA GI-Bill questions, contact MITAGS-PMI Student/Instructional Services Manager Jennifer Pitzen at 206-739-0720 (direct line); (888) 893-7829 (toll free); or by e-mail:

Please include your Mariner Reference Number, date of birth and the last four digits of your social security number in all emails.

\\Classes are 5-day unless otherwise noted\\

Class dates followed by an * are full

AB – Able Seaman – 9/9/19

AIS-1 – Automatic Identifications Systems Orientation (1-Day): 8/14/19

ARPA-OIC (4-Day) – Automated Radar Plotting Aids: 9/24/19

AZIPOD (2-Day) – 9/30/19

BRM-35 – Bridge Resource Management: 8/5/19, 10/28/19

BRMP –Bridge Resource Management for Pilots (2-Day): 7/15/19, 7/29/19, 9/30/19

BRMP-EMR –Bridge Resource Management for Pilots with Emergency Shiphandling – (Now also included in BRMP-Refresher) (3-Day): 7/17/19, 10/2/19

BRMP-Refresher (Now including Emergency Shiphandling for Pilots) (3-Day) – Not currently scheduled

BT – Basic Safety Training: 8/12/19, 10/14/19

BT-Revalidation (2-day) (Must have 1 year of sea service in last 5 years) – 6/18/19, 7/30/19, 8/26/19, 9/25/19, 10/30/19, 12/17/19

BT-Refresher (3-day) – 7/29/19, 9/25/19, 12/16/19

CHS-OIC – Cargo Handling Basic: 10/21/19

[CMM – Chief Mate and Master Courses]

ADVSTB-CMM – Advanced Stability: 6/10/19, 7/29/19, 9/23/19, 12/16/19

ADVWX-CMM – Advanced Meteorology: 6/3/19, 8/5/19, 9/30/19, 12/9/19

CHS-CMM – Advanced Cargo Operations (10 Days): 10/7/19

CM-OPS 1 – Chief Mate Operations – Week 1: 8/5/19, 12/2/19

CM-OPS 2 Maersk – Chief Mate Operations II Maersk Specific: 5/13/19, 8/12/19, 12/9/18

ECDIS – Electronic Chart Display Information Systems: 9/9/19, 12/2/19

LMS – Leadership and Managerial Skills (Management Level – Formerly MCL-CMM): 5/20/19, 8/19/19, 12/16/19

MPP-CMM – Marine Propulsion Plants: 11/4/19 (DCS-1 available on request – contact Admissions)

SEC-APPS – Practical Defense Tactics: Not Currently Scheduled

SHMGT-CMM- Ship Management: 10/28/19

SHS-ADV-I-CMM – Advanced Shiphandling (week 1): 5/13/19*, 6/3/19, 6/17/19*, 7/15/19, 8/12/19, 9/9/19, 9/30/19, 10/14/19, 11/4/19, 12/2/19

SHS-ADV-II-CMM – Advanced Shiphandling (week 2): 5/20/19*, 6/10/19, 6/24/19*, 7/22/19, 8/19/19, 9/16/19, 10/7/19, 10/21/19, 11/11/19, 12/9/19

**SHS-ADV-I & II are now approved to include SAR-CMM assessments at MITAGS**

VPEN-CMM – Voyage Planning & Electronic Navigation: 10/21/19

WKP-CMM – Advanced Watchkeeping: 9/16/19

WX-HW-ATL – Heavy Weather Avoidance Routing: Atlantic Ocean (2-day) – 6/10/19, 9/23/19

WX-HW-IND – Heavy Weather Avoidance Routing: Indian Ocean (2-day) – 6/14/19, 9/27/19

WX-HW-PAC – Heavy Weather Avoidance Routing: Pacific Ocean (2-day) – 6/12/19, 9/25/19

CIW-DPA/IA – Continual Improvement Workshop: Designated Person Ashore & Internal Auditor (3-Day) ** This course is NOT covered by the MATES Program ** – 5/22/19, 6/25/19, 11/12/19

CIW-SMS – Continual Improvement Workshop: Successful Safety Management – 5/20/19, 7/16/19, 10/15/19

CNAV-OIC (15-Day) – Celestial Navigation: 11/4/19

CRISIS-COMMS – Crisis Communications (1-Day): Not currently scheduled

CRSMGT – Crisis Management and Human Behavior (1-Day) – 7/11/19

CDMGT – Crowd Management (1-Day) – 7/12/19

CSE – Confined Space Entry (3-Day): 8/19/19

CSE-AWR – Confined Space Entry Awareness (2-Day): 8/22/19

CY-MAR – Cyber-Skilled Mariner ** This course is NOT covered by the MATES Program ** – 8/5/19

DDE – Great Lakes (20-Day): 6/3/19

ECDIS for Pilots (2-Day) – 8/12/19, 11/21/19

ERM – Engine Resource Management: 8/12/19, 12/9/19

FF-BADV – Fire Fighting Combined Basic & Advanced: 8/12/19, 10/14/19

FF-ADV-Rev (1-day) (Must have 1 year of sea service in last 5 years) – Advanced Fire Fighting Revalidation: 6/20/19, 8/1/19, 8/28/19, 9/24/19, 10/29/19, 12/19/19

FF-ADV-REF (2-day) – Advanced Fire Fighting Refresher: 7/27/19, 9/28/19, 12/14/19

FSM – Fatigue, Sleep, & Medications (1-Day): 9/17/19

GL-Pilot – Great Lakes Pilotage Familiarization (2-Day): Not currently scheduled

GMDSS – Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (10-Day): 8/19/19

HAZ – Hazardous Materials (5 day): 8/26/19, 11/18/19

IEN – Integrated Electronic Navigation (3-Day) – Not currently scheduled

LAP – License Advancement Program for Mate to Master (20-Day): 7/29/19*, 10/21/19

LAP-Great Lakes – License Advancement Program – Great Lakes (20-Day): Not currently scheduled

LAP-ORG3rd – License Advancement Program for Original 3rd Mate, Oceans, Any Gross
Ton License (15-Day): 6/3/19

LEG – Legal Aspects of Pilotage (1-Day): 9/18/19

LNG-TPIC (10-Day) – Not currently scheduled

LTS –Leadership and Teamworking Skills (Formerly MCL-OIC) (1-Day): 9/23/19

MEECE – Management of Electrical and Electronic Control Equipment (Assessments not included): 8/5/19, 12/2/19

MED-PIC – Medical Person in Charge (10-Day): 7/8/19*, 9/30/19, 12/2/19

MED-PIC-REF– Medical Person in Charge Refresher: 6/24/19, 8/19/19, 10/21/19

MED-PRO – Medical Care Provider: 9/30/19, 11/18/19

MED-DOT-DA – Dept. of Transportation Drug & Alcohol Testing (1-Day): 6/17/19, 7/14/19, 8/29/19, 9/23/19, 10/5/19, 10/28/19, 12/7/19, 12/20/19

[MSC – Military Sealift Command Courses]

MSC-CBRD-1 – Military Sealift Command Chemical, Biological, Radiological Defense Orientation (Basic) (1-Day): 5/21/19 (evening), 6/5/19 (evening), 8/7/19, 9/12/19 (evening), 11/1/19 (evening)

MSC-DC – Military Sealift Command Damage Control (2-day): 5/21/19, 6/5/19, 8/5/19, 9/12/19, 11/1/19

MSC-ENVPRO (1-Day) – 6/2/19, 8/4/19, 11/3/19

MSC-FF-HELO (2-Day) – 6/3/19, 8/10/19, 10/30/19

MSC-SMA – Military Sealift Command Small Arms Qualifications (4-Day): 5/13/19, 6/9/19, 7/15/19, 8/11/19, 9/16/19, 11/4/19

MSC-Security Watch Basic (1-Day) – 5/12/19, 6/7/19, 8/8/19, 9/14/19, 11/4/19

MSC-Security Watch Advanced (1-Day) – 5/17/19, 6/8/19, 7/14/19, 8/9/19, 9/15/19, 11/8/19

MSC-Ship’s Reaction Force (3-Day) – 5/18/19, 6/13/19, 7/19/19, 8/16/19, 9/20/19, 11/9/19

NDMS-ENAV – Navigational Decision Making Series – Best Practice in eNav – 11/18/19

NSAP-MMP – Navigational Skills Assessment Program-MM&P (2-Day) – 6/24/19*, 6/26/19*, 7/25/19*, 7/29/19*, 8/26/19*, 8/28/19, 11/18/19, 11/20/19, 12/16/19, 12/18/19

RFPNW – Ratings Forming Part of a Navigational Watch (3-day) – Not currently scheduled

ROR-1 – Radar Observer Renewal (1-Day): 9/23/19

ROR-1N – Radar Observer Renewal Evening Classes (1-Night): 5/15/19*, 6/5/19, 6/12/19, 6/19/19, 7/10/19, 7/24/19, 8/1/19*, 8/7/19, 8/21/19, 8/28/19, 9/17/19, 9/18/19, 10/2/19, 10/16/19, 10/30/19, 11/6/19, 11/13/19, 12/4/19, 12/18/19

ROU-OIC – Radar Observer Program – Unlimited: 7/29/19

SAR – Search & Rescue – (Now with OIC and CMM assessments) (3-Day): 12/2/19

SHS-BAS-OIC – Basic Shiphandling: 8/26/19, 10/28/19

SHS-EMR5 – Emergency Shiphandling (5 Day) – 6/17/19*, 8/5/19*, 9/23/19, 11/18/19, 12/16/19

STB-OIC – Ship Construction and Basic Stability: 8/5/19

TCNAV/CO – Terrestrial Navigation and Compasses (15-Day): 7/8/19

TPIC – Tankerman Person in Charge: 7/8/19

TRAC-TUG-2 (2-Day): Contact Admissions

TTT – ** This course is NOT covered by the MATES Program ** Not currently scheduled

VPDSD – Vessel Personnel with Designated Security Duties (1-Day): Not currently scheduled

VSO – Vessel Security Officer (3-Day): 7/8/19, 9/4/19

WKP-OIC – Watchkeeping (Operational Level) (10-Day): 10/7/19

WX-OIC –Meteorology (Operational Level): 9/16/19

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For registration, contact our admissions department: 206.441.2880 or

Please also see our schedule and enroll online at

May 2019
10th Radar Renewal
13-14 Advanced Firefighting Refresher
15th Advanced Firefighting Revalidation
16-17 Basic Training Revalidation
16-20 Basic Training Refresher
13-17 Meteorology (Operational Level)
13-24 Watchkeeping (Operational Level)
20-24 Advanced Stability
20-24 Basic Training
28-30 Search & Rescue
31st Leadership & Teamworking Skills

June 2019
3-5 Security Officer – Vessel, Company, & Facility
3-21 Celestial Navigation
3-28 License Advancement Preparation (Chief Mate/Master Level)
10-13 Advanced Firefighting
17-21 Basic Firefighting
24-28 Meteorology (Operational Level)
21-25 Basic Training Refresher (no class on weekend)
24-25 Basic Training Revalidation
26th Advanced Firefighting Revalidation
28th Medical DOT

July 2019
8-12 Advanced Meteorology
8-26 Terrestrial & Coastal Navigation w/ Compasses
9th Radar Renewal
10-11 Basic Training Revalidation
10-15 Basic Training Refresher (no class on weekend)
12th Advanced Firefighting Revalidation
15-19 Basic Shiphandling
15-19 Advanced Stability
16-18 Advanced Firefighting Refresher
22-25 Advanced Firefighting
22-26 Cargo Handling & Stowage
22-26 Advanced Shiphandling I
29-31 Security Officer – Vessel, Company, & Facility
29-2 Advanced Shiphandling II

August 2019
5-8 Advanced Firefighting
12-13 Basic Training Revalidation
14th Advanced Firefighting Revalidation
12-30 License Preparation (Mate Level)

September 2019
4th Advanced Firefighting Revalidation
5-6 Basic Training Revalidation
6th Vessel Personnel w/ Designated Security Duties (VPDSD)
9th Radar Renewal
9-13 Basic Training
9-13 Marine Propulsion Plants
16-19 Advanced Firefighting
16-20 Ship/Shipboard Management
23-27 Voyage Planning & Electronic Navigation
30-1 ECDIS
30-1 Leadership & Managerial Skills

October 2019
2nd Advanced Firefighting Revalidation
3-4 Basic Training Revalidation
7-11 Engine Resource Management
7-11 Basic Training
7-11 Advanced Shiphandling I
8th Radar Renewal
14-18 Management of Electrical & Electronic Control Equipment (MEECE)
14-18 Advanced Shiphandling II
15-18 Advanced Firefighting
18th Medical DOT
21-25 Advanced Meteorology
21-25 Ship Construction & Basic Stability
28-1 Advanced Stability
28-15 Celestial Navigation

November 2019
4-8 Advanced Cargo Operations
4-15 Basic Training
12th Radar Renewal
13th Advanced Firefighting Revalidation
14-15 Basic Training Revalidation
18-19 Advanced Firefighting Refresher
18-20 Security Officer – Vessel, Company, & Facility
18-22 Radar Observer Unlimited
18-22 Advanced Watchkeeping
25-27 Search & Rescue

December 2019
2-6 Leadership & Managerial Skills
2-20 License Preparation (Mate Level)
3-6 Advanced Firefighting
9-12 ARPA
9-13 Basic Training
13th Radar Renewal
16th Advanced Firefighting Revalidation
17-18 Basic Training Revalidation

Back to Stories Covered

The MM&P Wheelhouse Weekly is the official electronic newsletter of the International Organization of Masters, Mates, & Pilots, ILA, AFL-CIO, 700 Maritime Blvd. Suite B, Linthicum Heights, MD 21090-1953. Phone: 410-850-8700; Fax: 410-850-0973. All rights reserved. The MM&P Wheelhouse Weekly © 2019. Articles can be reprinted without prior permission if credit is given to The MM&P WheelhouseWeekly. For subscriptions, address changes or messages to the editor or to MM&P headquarters, e-mail Back issues of The Weekly are posted on